DD307 Notes

Important: I understand that this course has been partially revised for the 2013 presentation, so these notes may not reflect the content being taught now.


Open University DD307 – Revision Notes Index (2011)

Book 1 – Social Psychology Matters

Chapter 1 – Social psychology: past and present (20-12-2010)

Chapter 2 – Methods and knowledge in social psychology (29-12-2010, corrected 08-01-2011)

Chapter 3 – Families (22-01-2011)

Chapter 4 – Emotion (06-02-2011)

Chapter 5 – Self (08-03-2011)

Chapter 6 – Prejudice, conflict and conflict reduction (16-07-2011)

Chapter 7 – Embodiment (06-09-2011) and A3 size mind map (28-09-2011, corrected 06-10-2011)

Chapter 8 – Conclusion: social psychology matters

Book 2 – Critical Readings in Social Psychology

Chapter 1 – Introduction (30-12-2010)

Chapter 2 – Close relationships

Chapter 3 – Attitudes (16-04-2011) and A3 size mind map (19-09-2011)

Chapter 4 – The fundamental attribution error (05-09-2011)

Chapter 5 – Intragroup processes: entitativity (Updated 26-09-2011 – thanks Sam!)

Chapter 6 – Intergroup processes: social identity theory (17-09-2011)

Chapter 7 – Bystander intervention (08-09-2011)

Chapter 8 – Individual differences

Chapter 9 – Conclusion

Blog posts

All of my blog posts relating to the 2011 presentation of DD307 can be found here: http://www.tenpencepiece.net/blog/tag/dd307/

71 comments

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  1. Dorita

    Hi Tim , I would like to thank you for sharing these helpful notes !! By any chance do you have an idea were can I buy similar notes for dd 301 (crime and justice). For dd307 there is also Linda Corlett’s, however for dd 301 I can’t find any around.

    1. tim

      You’re welcome!

      I have no idea if there are any notes around for DD301. Have you tried asking in the OU facebook group?

      1. Dorita

        yep :S. Thanks a lot Tim for your helpful tips :) .

  2. Emma Campolucci

    Thanks Tim, about to start DD307 so any help I can get is soooo much appreciated. You are a star :)

  3. Matt Peers

    Hi Tim,

    I just wanted to say a big thank you for the use of your notes during my revision for DD307. Although the structure has changed since you did yours they were still a huge help and time saver.

    Kindest regards

    Matt Peers

    1. tim

      Thanks Matt – very glad that you found them of some use!

      Tim.

  4. Jackie Cameron-Mathiassen

    Thank you so very, very much. People like you make it all possible for people like me -an ex-pat who can’t get to tutorials, and feels as though exams are just so hard.
    Really like the lib dem bit, my Brother is involved with that party in the Cheltenham area.
    DD307 is hard, you have made it easier,

    yours Jackie Cameron-Mathiassen

    1. tim

      Hi Jackie,

      Thanks for the comment – very glad my mad scribblings are of use to you! All the best for the exam in October.

      Tim.

  5. vince

    hi Tim

    Your explanation of epistemology is great and very well explained but can you please explain how it differs from ontology? Do they overlap. I am just a bit confused and unclear about it.

    By the way I used your notes for DD303 and just missed out a distinction due to my tmas (2.1 standard). I can honestly say I could not have done it without your notes. ( in particular the notes on language processing). It wasn’t just the structure of the notes but the way you explained it made it much easier to digest and understand. I was under an incredible amount of pressure with family stress and your notes were a godsend. Thank you so much.

    warm regards

    vince

  6. vince

    hi Tim
    thank you .

  7. Stephen Barry

    Hi Tim,

    I am about to start DD307 and ED209 together and would find it impossible if it were not for your notes. Thank you very much. Did I read that you have a charity that we could make a small donation to?
    Stephen

    1. tim

      Hi Stephen,

      You’re welcome. There are a couple of charities I support – details here: http://www.tenpencepiece.net/blog/2012/09/12/one-way-of-saying-thank-you/

      Tim.

  8. Suzanne Hannan

    Hi Tim
    , just to say I appreciated your notes from my other modules, it was great always to have the security of them when I was under pressure. Starting DD307 this year and was just wondering some of your notes aren’t highlighted, is this because there have been significant changes to those chapters?

    1. tim

      Hi Suzanne,

      Thanks, and all the best for DD307. Some of the chapter notes are missing as I didn’t make notes on all of them (e.g. Close Relationships and Individual Differences). If I remember correctly, I didn’t bother as these were TMA chapters in 2011.

      Tim.

  9. Jane

    Hi Tim

    Sat DD307 today. Couldn’t have done the revision without your notes. And managed to bung in epistemology and ontology more than once!

    Thanks once again.

    Jane

    1. tim

      Hi Jane,

      Glad the notes were of help – and all the best for your results!

      Tim.

  10. Kim

    Stumbled upon these notes while looking up books for my January start DD307….simply brilliant

    Thanks for sharing: D

  11. Sharon Bates

    Thanks Tim, a big thank you for this it will save me and others a lot of work

    Regards

    Sharon

  12. David

    Hi Tim

    I’d just like to say a big thanks for posting your DD307 notes.
    You’ve saved me and many others countless hours of work!

    Thanks again

    David

  13. Jane

    Tim – that’s brilliant! Thank you. I’ve now got the concept of epistemology – it was too amorphous for me before but now you’ve related it to each of the perspectives – I’ve got it!

    Many thanks
    Jane

  14. tim

    Hi Jane,

    I’m only just catching up with my blog and emails from this week!

    Epistemology is ‘what counts as knowledge’ – i.e. each of the four perspectives have a different view of what social psychological knowledge is and should be. So the cognitive social (experimental) approach argues that valid knowledge is general and universal laws of human behaviour (in the same way that a physicist seeks out universal laws concerning the behaviour of matter). The phenomenological perspective seeks out conscious meaning from lived experience, whereas the social psyhcoanalytical looks for unconscious meanings and motivations. Finally, the discursive approach counts what is socially constructed through language between people as knowledge.

    As each of the four epistemologies are different, then it means that not only what counts as knowledge is different, but is has an impact on what questions can be asked and answered and how. For example, you’d never see a social psychoanalyitcal practitioner justify their conclusions in terms of statistical significance; an experimental social psychologist wouldn’t appeal to explanations of their results in terms of unconscious motivations that have been introjected into the psyche during childhood.

  15. Jane

    Hi Tim
    That was a great question asked by Johnny and thanks for the reply!!

    I’m starting to get the meaning of ontology to stick in my head (thanks to the above) but I am struggling with the meaning of epistimology. Would you be so kin as to have a crack at explaining it dto me. Many thanks.

    Jane

  16. Johnny

    Hi Tim,

    I regretfully never thanked you for your fantastic web site last year as it helped me no end when studying ED209 and DD303. This year it’s DD307 and SD226. I was just flicking through some of the chats on the site and noticed one in particular concerning the first TMA for DD307. Have you got any advice so as to avoid falling into the trap of falling down in marks in the first TMA.

    Thank you Tim and thank you for your generosity in providing this facility.

    All the best

    Johnny

    1. tim

      Hi Johnny,

      You’re very welcome and all the best with DD307 this year. With regards to DD307 TMAs, elegant critical argument considering all sides of the question using the specified or one or two of the more appropriate analytical tools (individual-social dualism, power relations, agency-structure, situated knowledge) and a thorough understanding of the difference is ontology and methods between the four perspectives is essential.

      I still don’t think my TMA01 was that bad (especially having now completed the course) and had it been worth rather more than the 10% of the OCAS score and hadn’t been substitutable then I think I’d have appealed the mark I did get.

      One other observation – I missed my first tutorial, which I think would have helped me no end if I’d have managed to get to it. It wasn’t until the final couple of TMAs (and the OUPS revision weekend at Warwick) that I started to be able to predict what a good answer and a not so good answer to the questions would be.

      Tim.

  17. Jane

    Many thanks Tim. That’s very helpful. It’s much clearer now.

    Happy Christmas and all the best for the New Year!

    Jane

  18. Jane

    Hi Tim
    I’m doing DD307 2012 and have made a start on the first 2 chapters. I wonder if you could explain (as if to a child!) what ‘ontology’ means?
    Many thanks
    Jane

    1. tim

      Hi Jane,

      I’ll have a go. Ontology (in the context of DD307) = “Theory of the person”. It’s how the person is conceptualised and viewed by researchers working in a particular tradition.

      So, for example, in the coginitive social (experimental) tradition, people are viewed as information processors (i.e. they take stuff in from the senses and use internal models of the world they hold in their brain) – but within their particular social context. It’s argued that these internal processes are what shape our social identity and the way we understand the social world.

      However, if you look at those working in the discursive tradtion, their ontological concerns are very different. Here, the person is regarded as being socially constructed – in other words, individuals cannot exist separately from their social context and indeed, are created by the social (rather than the social being created by the individual). Discursive psychologists do not study interior processes at all – but instead concentrate on how the person is constructed through social interactions, particularly the use of langauge. Unlike the cognitive social approach, individuals are not passive information processors – they actively use tools such as langauge to construct and re-construct their identities (i.e. they are fluid, not fixed), appropriate to the particular situation they find themselves in.

      Similarly, the social psychoanalytic and phenomenonlogical traditions focus on different aspects of what it is to be a person.

      Does that help?

      Tim.

  19. Hal

    Hello Tim,
    Have you thought about using compendium for mindmaps? It gives a nice clear and unscruffy look too.
    Love your website, have done for a few years now. Its great when doing the same courses. This year I will do what you did last year, 307 and 226. Was that a total of 10 tma’s plus one exam? I am dreading it, but found the quickest tma I did was in 6 with the reading, which was fun, but got a 50% mark, in dire straits, that went through.
    Is it possible to get Sarahs stuff she sent, or can you forward me email onto her so she can send it herself? And.. do you have any tips not yet written up on your site?
    xx

    1. tim

      Hi Hal,

      This year, DD307 was 5 TMAs counting towards OCAS, plus the project which counted as 20% of OES. The remaining 80% of the OES score was from the exam. SD226 was 4 TMAs plus the EMA. This year, there is one less TMA for SD226 – I don’t know what the assessment for DD307 will look like.

      My problem with mind maps isn’t the software – its creating them in the first place! My brain just doesn’t seem to work like that – I much prefer a linear story … which is a much better strategy for DD303 than it is for DD307!

      I’m not sure that I’ve still got Sarah’s stuff any more, but I’ll have a look.

      All the best with doing both courses together – its not easy, but it can be done … and the best thing about doing these two together is that they are at completely different ends of the psychological spectrum. It means you won’t get them mixed up and one provides useful relief from the other when pictures of brains or Chodorow’s strange feminist psychoanalytical stuff gets too much!

      Tim.

  20. Jo

    Hi Tim
    Thank you so much for posting all of these; are you going to do a donations thing again this year? I’d be happy to give to a cause of your choice in appreciation.

    Love the Attitudes mindmap – much better than my post-it-notes-on-a-big-bit-of-paper effort… One tiny thing I noticed though – LaPiere surveyed the establishments after the Chinese couple visited, not beforehand. I’m guessing this will be of very little consequence come the exam, but thought I’d mention it in case you wanted to change the mindmap…

    All the best for the exam, everyone.

    Jo

    1. tim

      Hi Jo,

      Thanks for the comment. I’ve corrected the mind-map now for the sake of accuracy – but as you say, it probably doesn’t matter too much! I’ve produced some more – but hand-written ones so they are far too scruffy and illegible to go on here I’m afraid.

      I haven’t run the charity donations this year as it was really a one-off effort I’d commited myself to (I was given £10 of “seed money” and was challenged to turn it into £100. I think I ended up with around £650 thanks to people’s very kind donations through the blog and in-person).

      If you’d still like to send HOPEHIV something directly though, you can do so here: HOPEHIV donations page

      All the best for the 13th!

      Tim.

  21. Viv

    Hi Tim

    Just wanted to thank you profusely for your amazing notes, which I am relying on yet again to assist me with my revision – DD307. Short of sitting next to me in the exam (would you?), you could not be more helpful. I have skived most of this summer in California, so have missed all revision weekends etc, so you are my lifesaver. My notes make no sense, I cannot summarise well, I just rewrite the entire chapter. So I find it better to use the chapters and your fab notes together to get the information into my head.

    Thank you so much.

    Viv

  22. Sam

    Book 2 Chapter 5 notes. DO NOT include Mussolini and Stalin as examples as in your notes.
    Quote from txt:
    This consideration has kept me from nominating as candidates a number of fiascoes caused by totalitarian governments – Mussolini’s decision to enter the war in 1940 when Italy was completely unprepared, Stalin’s failure to anticipate a German invasion while implementing the Nazi–Soviet pact in 1941,

    1. tim

      Hi Sam,

      Thanks! I’ll sort the mistake out later on. It looks as if I may have had some more text before those two examples that’s gone missing, as there’s a big white space at the bottom of that column. Janis’ criteria for exclusion is an interesting one to debate though – as Stalin certainly had close confidants like Malenkov – who acted in a similar way to the people advising JFK.

      Tim.

  23. Mary White

    Hi Tim,
    Thanks for the DD307 Notes. Would it be ok to send me Sarah’s DD307 note? I can’t reach her myself.
    Thanks

  24. Aileen Binner

    Tim,
    Thanks. I’ve had a look at your notes and the dates are very useful. DSE 212 & DXR222 are behind e thankfully. Just DD307 & 303 to go to get my degree. I’ve been having a year out as I knew there were lots of big events for me this year and didn’t want to stress out over TMAs – but it’s difficult to imagin getting back in to a strict routine again.
    Best wishes
    Aileen

  25. Aileen Binner

    Hi Tim,
    I’m planning to register for dd307 for 2012. However, I am very worried tthat I will really struggle with the workload, so I have already bought the two text books. Could I ask if you could email the Calander for DD307, to give me an idea of the order of reading. I hope I’m not being too cheeky.
    Thank you in advance.
    Aileen

    1. tim

      Hi Aileen,

      Not cheeky at all – but as the actual calendar is copyright of the OU, I can’t email it to you. However, if you contact your regional centre they may be able to help. However, this year:

      The course started at the beginning of February, with the exam being 13th October
      There were 6 TMAs, 01 and 02 were essays, 03 was a project proposal, 04 was the project ( and counts towards your OES score, not OCAS ); 05 and 06 were essays. 01/02/05 are substitutable.
      You need to achieve at least 40% on the OCAS component, plus 40% on TMA04 and 40% on the exam to pass.
      The submission dates for the TMAs this year were 2nd March, 6th April, 18th May, 6th July, 10th August and 7th September.

      Reading order is all over the place, with book1 and book2 mingled together. But, the chapters are read in sequential order within the books. The dates on my notes give a reasonable idea of the actual order …

      My other strong advice would be that if you’ve not taken DSE212 and DXR222 do these before you take DD307!

      Otherwise, the workload is similar to DD303 and somewhat more than DSE212 or ED209 in my opinion.

      Hope that helps!

      Tim.

  26. anna

    Hi Tim, thx for sharing your notes… they are very helpful :-)

  27. Sinead Robinson

    Hi Tim, Just wondering if you will be posting notes for Chapter 6 ? I could do with the extra help as I’m way behind and they really help a lot.Thanks Sinead

    1. tim

      I’ll be working on my TMA 05 essay over the next week or so, so no notes imminently on chapter 6.

  28. Ceciia

    Hi Tim Just a line to say thanks for sharing your notes.

  29. David

    Hi Tim,

    thanks for putting up your notes, have found them exceptionally useful every year.
    Will you be continuing the chapters you have not yet put up for dd307?

    Thanks
    David

    1. tim

      Hi David,

      Yes – I will be. Hopefully I’ll post some more this weekend if I ever manage to get home (the M5 has been terrible this afternoon!!)
      Glad you’re finding them useful so far.

      Tim.

  30. Sam

    Thanks for the reply Tim..
    Sam
    x

  31. Sam

    I’m doing DD303 and DD307 together,, Will I need to revise every chapter for the exams or does anyone have any advice ??

    Thanks
    Sam

    1. tim

      Hi Sam,

      No – definitely not!

      DD303 has changed since I did it last year and it was very possible (not to mention essential) to take a strategic approach to revision. If it’s anything like last year you could ignore the chapters that essay style tma questions had been set on and group some of the other chapters together logically to study. The revision weekend at Warwick was very useful in helping to guide my thinking about this and in the end I had the “problem” on exam day of having too much choice as all my guesses had paid off!

      I think I’m right in saying that for DD307 that any chapter can come up on the exam, even if a tma question has already been set (like it was on ed209) – but that it is possible to leave an entire section out and still have enough choice of questions on the day.

      Good luck with doing both of these two heavyweights together – and there I was moaning about doing DD307 and SD226 together earlier on today in my post on “motivation”

      Tim.

  32. Katie

    Hi Tim, Just dropping a line to say thanks for sharing. Good luck with DD307 TMA 03. I am like you, worst mark ever for TMA 01, recovered a lot for 02 and hoping that 03 will follow the trend.
    Katie

  33. Lisa

    Thanks for your reply Tim – still cant access the notes though :(
    Hope Tma2 is coming together for you now!!
    Lisa

  34. tim

    Everything should be back to normal now!

    Tim.

  35. Lisa

    Hi,
    Have been a avid follower of your notes for DD307 all year…thanks a lot for sharing them with the world…they really help clarify a few things and put my notes to shame!!
    For some reeason cant get onto the chapter 5 ones today though, keeps telling me theres a problem with your website?
    Lisa

    1. tim

      Hi Lisa,

      You’re welcome. The blog is suffering from a few problems at the moment as my hosting provider (123reg) are experiencing a few difficulties today – http://www.123-support.co.uk/system-status/ .

      They assure me it will be all back to normal soon, but documents / images that I’ve uploaded in the last couple of weeks are missing at the moment and there’s not a lot I can do about it until they fix their problems!!

  36. Gillian

    Tim, thank-you so much, what a great resource this is! I’m studying this and dd301 at the moment, so I’m always playing catch-up. These notes make it all so clear, hopefully I’ll get through the chapters more quickly.
    Are you enjoying this course? I started off with psychology modules, but I have to say after doing dd208 and my current module, dd301, I’ve definately been turned on to sociology. I just find some elements of this module quite indulgent now, and a luxury of affluence!
    Gillian

  37. Aki

    Thanks Tim, and good luck

  38. Aki

    Hi Tim,
    Thanks for sharing your notes they are great and very helpful.
    I am doing DD307 and the way books are structured made it quite difficult to understand but your notes make my life much easier, so just wondering if you have notes about other chapters. I do appreciate if guide me how to get them please. Aki

    1. tim

      Hi Aki,

      Like you, I’m studying DD307 myself this year. So yes, my intention is to produce notes on the other chapters as well as I work my way through the course!

      Tim.

  39. Rosie Pagenkemper

    Tim,

    thanks for sharing your notes, they are awesome. Well structured, mine are a complete chaos in comaprison.

  40. Sarah Bishop

    Hi Tim, I just wanted to leave you a message to thank you for your generosity in publishing your notes. I completed DD307 last year and am doing DD303 this year and have had a look at your brilliant notes. I just wanted to say that I thought I would do social psychology first because I thought I would like it the least, but I absolutely enjoyed it. It helps to read around the subject, by people such as Wendy Stainton Rogers etc. There are also lots of papers out there (look in the OU library) in the different phenomenological and discursive fields which will help you develop your own voice and it all comes together in the end. In fact, I am finding DD303 quite dry at the moment in comparison and I know that I will be very critical of the experimental approach to data collection. All the best for this year. Sarah

  41. Adrian Hamlin

    Hi Tim,

    Just been reading your notes for DD307 again, I am in awe of your note taking skills!. They are the kind of notes I aspire to but allways seem to fail at. It seems to be putting things in rational groups that i find difficult. If nothing else they have given me a model to use for future note taking which is a real help. Thank you again its a great site

  42. Vicki

    Hi Tim, what a great website you have. I’m a teacher. I’m doing DD307 to brush up on my knowledge of critical social psychology. Being a student also helps me to empathise with my A level pupils.

    So far, the course seems to be very sociology-based, which I imagine must be quite different to other OU psychology modules.

    1. tim

      Hi Vicki,

      I think the OU is fairly unusual in that there was certainly a sociological and philosophical element to both the exploring psychology (DSE212) and childhood development (ED209) modules, plus you had the option of doing either a quantitative or qualitative project for DZX222/DXR222 as well. (I chickened out and did a quantitative project!) The only entirely (traditional) scientific courses on the degree are SD226 and DD303.

      All the best with DD307 and thanks for stopping by!

  43. sarah

    A first attempt is better than none! I’m debating between the discursive approach and the phenemonological one.Good luck :)

  44. sarah

    Hi Tim,
    Have you written the TMA yet? what perspective did you choose? I’m trying to write it now..it’s quite hard because there is so much to write about.

    Sarah

    1. tim

      I have a rather dodgy first attempt of a TMA! My intention is to re-write it this weekend. I’ve gone with the discursive perspective as the comparison in my first effort as I feel more comfortable with it that either of the other two at the moment.

  45. sarah

    Did you write notes on the dvd?
    I’m hoping that as the course goes on I’ll understand it a bit better…although i finished the DSE212 course last year and can’t say I remember any of it!

    1. tim

      Hi Sarah,

      I didn’t bother writing notes specifically on the DVD – the table in chapter 2 (page 37) of social psychology matters summarises it well enough for me at the moment I think.

      Tim.

  46. sarah

    Please post Sarah’s notes too :)Sarah that is amazing that you got a first…i’m just praying that i get a pass 3..!

    1. tim

      Hi Sarah,

      Thanks for the comments. I’m not sure that I understand DD307 yet!

      Tim.

  47. sarah

    Hi,
    I just came across this blog and it’s amazing!! I just started doing this course and to be honest, i’m hating it at the moment, I can’t seem to understand anything but i hope yout stuff will help me out!

    Thanks :)
    Sarah

  48. tim

    Hi Sarah,

    Thanks – I’ve sent you an email, but yes please!

    Tim.

  49. Sarah

    Hi there,

    I’ve just found your site, and have downloaded your DD303 notes (that’s me for 2011!). Would you like me to mail you my DD307 notes? They are not nearly as swanky as yours, but I got a first for it last year, so there might be something vaguely on topic – I just wanted to return the favour for your offering up of the DD303 notes!

    Sarah

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